Category Archives: Lay Organizations

20131125 St. Josemaria promoted holiness 施禮華宣揚成聖

St. Josemaria Escriva was born in Barbastro, Spain, Jan. 9, 1902. He was the second of six children of a devout family.
In 1904, Josemaria was gravely ill and the doctors gave up on him. However, he was cured unexpectedly; his parents attributed the cure to the intercession of Our Lady of Torreciudad, and took him on a pilgrimage of thanksgiving.
On April 23, 1912, Josemaria made his first Communion. In preparation, a friar had taught him a beautiful prayer for spiritual communion which he remembered all his life: “I wish, Lord, to receive You with the purity, humility, and devotion with which Your most holy mother received you, with the spirit and fervour of the saints.”
Josemaria’s three sisters died in 1910, 1912, and 1913. His father’s business failed in 1914. These tragic events taught Josemaria the meaning of suffering and brought him to maturity. The family moved to Logrono, where his father had found new employment.

Founding of Opus Dei
During the Christmas vacation of 1917, Josemaria saw the bare footprints of a Carmelite friar. Josemaria asked himself, “If other people make such sacrifices for God and neighbour, can’t I offer Him something?”
He intuited that God wanted something of him, although he didn’t know exactly what. He decided to become a priest in order to be available for whatever God wanted of him. In 1918, he began his studies; he was ordained March 28, 1925.
On Oct. 2, 1928, while he was on retreat in Madrid, Father Escriva was inspired by God to found Opus Dei, an institution within the Catholic Church dedicated to helping people in all walks of life to follow Christ and to seek holiness in their daily lives.
In 1930 Father Escriva started Opus Dei (the two Latin words mean “Work of God”) for women, making it clear that they had the same responsibility as men to serve the Church and society.
While celebrating Mass on Feb. 14, 1943, Father Escriva was inspired to found the Priestly Society of the Holy Cross. On June 25, 1944, three members of Opus Dei were ordained priests.

Spreading the fire of love
Father Escriva moved to Rome in 1946 and became the driving force behind the spreading of Opus Dei around the world. In 1948 full membership in Opus Dei was opened to married people. On June 16, 1950, Pope Pius XII granted definitive papal approval of Opus Dei.
In 1951 Father Escriva consecrated the families of Opus Dei members to the Holy Family. He also consecrated Opus Dei to the Most Sweet Heart of Mary. During the 1950s, in answer to the needs of the world, he promoted universities, training schools, agricultural colleges, hospitals, and clinics.
During the Second Vatican Council (1962-1965), the council fathers sought the advice of Father Escriva on themes such as the universal call to holiness and the function of lay people in the mission of the Church.
In 1969 Father Escriva travelled to shrines of Our Lady, praying for the Church and for world peace. He visited the Marian shrines of Lourdes, Sonsoles, El Pilar, La Merced, Einsiedeln and Loreto.
Between 1970 and 1975 Father Escriva undertook catechetical trips throughout Europe and Latin America, teaching Christian doctrine and Christian living to many people.
Father Escriva died in his office in Rome June 26, 1975. He was beatified by Pope John Paul II May 17, 1992, and canonized by him Oct. 6, 2002.
“Sanctity is made up of heroic acts. Therefore in our work we are asked for the heroism of finishing properly the tasks committed to us, day after day, even though they are the same tasks. If we don’t, then we do not want to be saints.”

施禮華宣揚成聖

Advertisements

20131118 Dorothy promoted peace 杜洛菲宣揚和平

Dorothy Day (1897-1980), the foundress of the Catholic Worker movement, was born in Brooklyn and was baptized at an Episcopal church in Chicago. In 1916 she settled in New York and worked for Socialist publications. In 1949 Dorothy described herself as an “ex-Communist.”

Road to Catholicism
As a young journalist in New York, Dorothy would sometimes visit a Catholic church at night. The Catholic climate of worship and spiritual discipline appealed to her. She saw the Catholic Church as “the church of the immigrants, the church of the poor.”
In 1922 Dorothy worked as a reporter in Chicago. She lived with three young women who went to Mass every Sunday and prayed each day. Dorothy was convinced that “worship, adoration, thanksgiving, supplication were the noblest acts of which we are capable in this life.”
In 1924 Dorothy bought a property in the New York borough of Staten Island. She started to live common law with Forster Batterham, who was anti-religion and anti-marriage. Dorothy’s growing interest in Catholicism often led to quarrels.
Unexpectedly, Dorothy discovered that she was pregnant. Despite the opposition of Forster, Dorothy kept the child and had her baptized in a Catholic church. After breaking up with Forster, Dorothy herself was received into the Catholic Church on Dec. 28, 1926.

Catholic Worker movement
On Dec. 9, 1932, Dorothy met Peter Maurin, who encouraged her to start a newspaper to “bring the best of Catholic thought to the man in the street in the language of the man in the street.”
In May 1933 the first issue of The Catholic Worker was printed. By December, 100,000 copies were being printed each month. The paper didn’t merely complain but called on its readers to make personal responses.
In his essays, Peter opposed the idea that Christians should take care only of their friends and leave the care of strangers to impersonal charitable agencies. Every home should have its “Christ Room” and every parish a house of hospitality ready to receive the “ambassadors of God.”
Eventually the editors of the paper started to welcome poor and homeless strangers, and by 1936 there were 33 Catholic Worker houses spread across the U.S.
A social worker asked Dorothy how long her “clients” were permitted to stay. Dorothy answered, “We let them stay forever.”
She explained, “They live with us, they die with us, and we give them a Christian burial. We pray for them after they are dead. Once they are taken in, they become members of the family, or rather they always were members of the family. They are our brothers and sisters in Christ.”
Pacifism: opposition to war and violence, was Dorothy’s position. She urged friends and associates of the Catholic Worker movement “to the caring for the sick and the wounded, to the growing of food for the hungry, to the continuance of all our works of mercy in our houses and on our farms.”
The Catholic Worker movement supported works of mercy, but not works of war.
In 1965 Dorothy went to Rome to take part in a fast, praying that the Second Vatican Council would issue a clear statement against war and violence. In December, the Constitution on the Church in the Modern World was approved by the bishops.
The council described as “a crime against God and humanity” any act of war “directed to the indiscriminate destruction of whole cities or vast areas with their inhabitants.” The council called on states to make legal provision for conscientious objectors while describing as “criminal” those who obey commands which condemn the innocent and defenceless.
Dorothy died on Nov. 29, 1980. Cardinal John O’Connor of New York launched the canonization process in 1997, the 100th anniversary of Dorothy’s birth.

杜洛菲.戴爾 (1897-1980) 是「公教勞工運動」的創始者,美國布魯克林區出生,在芝加哥接受過基督教洗禮;1916年居於紐約,曾在多間出版社工作。

 

步入聖教之途

 

當她還是紐約的年輕新聞從業員時,杜洛菲有時在晚上,會到天主教的聖堂,而天主教禮儀的氣氛和神修苦行,打動她的內心;她把天主教看做「移民的教會」、「貧窮人的教會」。

 

1922年,杜洛菲到芝加哥任職記者,與三位年紀相若的女子同住,這些女子參與主日彌撒,並每天祈禱。杜洛菲確信「欽崇、敬拜、感恩及祈求,是今生能做最高尚的事。」

 

1924年,杜洛菲在紐約史泰登島上購買了物業,和霍斯特.伯達坎先生同居,但因霍斯特抗拒宗教、反對婚姻,和杜洛菲對天主教漸濃的熱情,背道而馳,致令兩人經常吵鬧。後來杜洛菲意外懷孕,她不顧霍斯特墮胎的主張,堅持繼續懷孕,並安排女嬰按受天主教洗禮。不久以後,杜洛菲和霍斯特關係破裂。杜洛菲於1926年12月28日正式皈依天主教。

 

天主教勞工運動

 

1932年12月9日,杜洛菲認識伯多祿.莫烈先生,他積極鼓勵她創辦報刊:「以街頭語調,給街頭的人灌輸最好的公教思維。」1933年5月,「天主教勞工報」創刊,同年12月,每月刊印達到十萬份。杜洛菲的報刊並不單純指責社會的不公,亦呼籲讀者作出回應。

 

在其撰文中,伯多祿反對基督徒只善待親朋戚友,讓有需要的陌生人跑到福利機構求助。他認為,每一個家都應該設有「基督房間」,每個堂區都應留有住處,隨時接待「天主的使節」。最後,報刊的工作人員組織起來,開始接待貧苦及無家可歸的陌生人;到了1936年,他們已在美國設辦了三十三間天主教勞工借宿處。

 

一名社工問杜洛菲,借宿的人可停留多久,她答:「我們讓他們永遠留下。」她補充說:「他們與我們同住,他們與我們同死,我們給他們行聖教的殮葬。他們死後,我們為他們祈禱。他們打從第一天踏進來,我們便視他們為家人,甚至他們經常都是我們的家人。可不是嗎?他們就是我們基督內的兄弟姊妹!」

 

杜洛菲是「和平主義」的一員,反對暴力、反對戰爭;她促使「天主教勞工運動」的朋友和夥伴們,「照顧傷患生病的人,為賙濟而務農耕種,在我們的家中及農莊,繼續共襄善舉」。「天主教勞工運動」支援慈濟,反對戰爭。

 

1965年,杜洛菲到羅馬參加齋戒,祈求梵蒂崗第二次大公會議,會發表反戰及反暴力宣言。12月,主教們通過「現代教會憲章」,指出:「任何戰爭行為, 毫不辨別地消滅整個都市或廣闊地區及其居民,是反對天主及人類的罪行,應堅決而不猶豫地加以譴責」。大公會議又促請各國,制定法律來保障反戰者的良心。大公會議指出:盲目地服從不義的命令去壓害無辜及無助者是罪犯的行為。

 

1980年11月29日,杜洛菲逝世。1997年、杜洛菲.戴爾百歲冥壽之年,紐約總主教、若望.奧干諾樞機,展開對她宣聖的程序。

 

20131111 Mystic suffered 50 years 五十年的痛苦

Marthe Robin was born on March 13, 1902, in Chateauneuf de Galaure, France. In May 1918 she began to experience painful headaches. As Marthe’s illness progressed, her spiritual life blossomed. On Oct. 15, 1925, Marthe felt inspired to make an “Act of Abandonment to the Love and the Will of God.”
In October 1926 Marthe spent three weeks in a coma. She experienced three apparitions of St. Therese of the Child Jesus. The saint revealed to her that she would not die yet, but recover and extend her mission throughout the entire world.

Suffered with Christ
On March 25, 1928, Marthe’s legs became completely paralyzed. Henceforth she was bedridden for life. From 1928 to 1981 she experienced the grace of total abstinence from all food and drink, and she did not consume anything except Holy Communion. In addition to her absolute fast, she entirely ceased to sleep.
On Feb. 2, 1929, Marthe lost the use of her hands, which she had offered to the Lord. She learned to write with a pencil in her mouth. She remained in an uncomfortable and unchangeable position, without drinking, without eating, and without sleeping, for more than 50 years.
Towards the end of September 1930, Jesus appeared to Marthe and asked her, “Do you wish to be like Me?” Marthe consented to the request of Jesus.
In early October Jesus appeared to her and gave her the stigmata. She bled from her hands, her feet, and her heart. Later Jesus imprinted His crown of thorns on Marthe’s head. On the Friday after receiving the stigmata, she began to relive the Passion of Jesus.
People started coming to see her. The apostolate of welcoming visitors would continue for 50 years, until the end of her life. A visitor would wait in the kitchen in the company of Marthe’s mother, then enter her room and chat with her. Marthe would send the gifts given to her by visitors to the poor and to missionaries.
Marthe suffered in her body. She suffered great physical pain each time the bed linen had to be changed. She suffered in her heart to see that her parents were tormented by not being able to do anything for her. Above all, she suffered in her soul because of the sinfulness and lukewarmness of mankind.
Every week Marthe relived the Passion of Christ, beginning with the agony on Thursday night. The torment continued from Thursday night throughout the whole of Friday. She relived all the scenes of the Passion.

Inspired projects
Marthe was inspired to build a Christian school for girls. Most of the priests thought the idea was “crazy” because the area was dominated by freethinkers. It took two years for Marthe to convince her spiritual director to take the first step for the project.
Finally, on Oct. 12, 1934, the Chateauneuf de Galaure school was opened. Today there are two secondary schools and an agricultural school, with a total of about 1,000 students.
Another project Marthe was inspired to undertake was the “Foyers de Charite” (Houses of Charity). They are retreat houses built and organized by consecrated lay people and directed by a priest.
The first retreat took place on Sept. 7, 1936, preached by one of Marthe’s close friends, Father Finet. By 2006 there were 75 Foyers in 41 countries.
After 50 years of suffering in union with Jesus for the conversion of souls, Marthe died on Feb. 6, 1981.
“Oh Virgin Mary, let me each day be more docile, more patient, more simple; unnoticed and forgotten. I do not ask that God bring about in me things that are visible, but only that I be a small, lowly child, sweet and humble of heart,” said Marthe.

蔓薘.洛嬪在1902年3月13日生於法國一個小市鎮,沙托納.德加洛爾。1918年5月,蔓薘開始感到劇烈的頭痛。當她身體病痛加劇時,亦是她靈修盛放之始。1925年10月15日,蔓薘甘願自我棄絕,把自己交託在天主的愛和聖意中。

翌年十月,蔓薘昏迷了三個星期;期間,聖女小德蘭給她顯現了三次,告訴她尚不會死,還要領受更廣的使命,向普世發放訊息。

與基督一起受苦

1928年3月25日,蔓薘.洛嬪雙腿不能動彈,從此與睡床結下不解之緣。1928年到1981年,蔓薘不進任何飲食,只領聖體;後來甚至完全不能入睡。

1929年2月2日,蔓薘雙手失去活動能力,她早前曾將雙手奉獻給天主。她學習用口唇含著鉛筆寫字。蔓薘.洛嬪依著同一姿勢,不吃、不喝、不眠,差不多五十年之久!

次年9月下旬,耶穌向蔓薘顯現,問她說:「你願意更像我嗎?」,蔓薘表示「願意」。10月,蔓薘接受耶穌五傷,手腳及胸口流血,蔓薘又接受了耶穌頭戴茨冠的恪傷。後來,每逢週四,蔓薘先澈夜領受耶穌山園祈禱時候的痛苦,然後週五整天,都經歷耶穌苦難的劇痛,把耶穌當年的苦難,完全活現出來。

世人開始接踵探望蔓薘,直至她離世的一天。先由蔓薘母親在廚房接待訪客,蔓薘在房間內陸續接見談話。蔓薘把訪客送來的禮物,悉轉送貧窮的人或傳教士。

蔓薘.洛嬪受著身體痛楚的煎熬,她父母對女兒所受的苦,一籌莫展,難過萬分,蔓薘看在眼內,亦痛在心裡。使蔓薘感到更難受的,就是看到那些負罪和冷淡的靈魂。

啟發的建設

蔓薘受天主啓發,提出設立一所天主教學校,教育女學生,但充斥著自由思想主義的沙托納.德加洛爾小鎮,讓神父們認為她的想法屬於天荒夜談。最後,蔓薘用了兩年時間,說服自己的神師,作出籌辦天主教女校的第一步。1936年10月12日,沙托納.德加洛爾天主教女校開始上課。今天,沙托納.德加洛爾小鎮有兩間天主教中學,一間天主教農業學校,約有學生一千人。

蔓薘另外提出,設立「愛德靜所」的退省地方,由獻生的平信徒籌建和主理,並有一位神父指導。1936年9月7日,舉行第一次「愛德靜所」退省,蔓薘的摯友、斐肋神父首作講道。到了2006年,共有七十五間靜所在四十一個國家。

為了人靈的歸化,蔓薘.洛嬪分擔基督的苦痛五十年,在1981年2月6日逝世。她曾祈禱道:「童貞瑪利亞,幫助我每一天變得更加溫馴、更添忍耐、更形簡樸;讓我不為人所知、被人遺忘。我不求天主為我帶來顯赫的事,我只願成為祂的卑微小孩,擁有一顆謙善的心。」

20131104 Success through failure 失敗乃成功之母

Catherine de Hueck Doherty was born in Russia on Aug. 15, 1896. At the age of 15, Catherine married Boris de Hueck. During the Russian Revolution, many of her family members were killed. After narrowly escaping death, Catherine and Boris became refugees and came to Canada in 1921. Their son George was born the same year in Toronto.
Catherine worked hard to support her ailing husband and child, but after years of painful struggle, her marriage to Boris fell apart. Eventually Catherine’s marriage with Boris was annulled by the Church in 1943.
Very talented in public speaking, Catherine soon became a successful lecturer. However the words of Christ pursued her relentlessly: “Sell all you possess, and come, follow Me.”
On Oct. 15, 1930, Catherine made the decision to give her life to Jesus. She marked this as the day of the beginning of her apostolate. Catherine sold all her possessions and provided for her son. She started to live in the slums of Toronto, and began her lay apostolate among the poor.

Friendship House
Young men and women came to join Catherine. She established Friendship House, and lived the spirituality of St. Francis of Assisi. It was the time of the Great Depression. Members of Friendship House offered hospitality and provided material assistants to the poor.
They also combatted the tide of communism through lectures, discussions, and the distribution of “The Social Forum” newspaper, based on the social encyclicals of the Church.
False but persistent rumours about her and the Friendship House forced its closure by churchmen in 1936. During the Christmas season in 1936, Catherine was tempted to suicide. However, she heard the voice of Christ beckoning her to share His suffering.
Catherine left Toronto, and was invited by a priest to open a Friendship House in Harlem. Catherine accepted the invitation in 1938. In 1943, after obtaining the annulment of her first marriage, Catherine married a widower, Eddie Doherty, a journalist who had fallen in love with her while writing a story about her apostolate.
The Friendship House in Harlem also ended in failure. Divisions developed among the staff, and in January 1947 they out-voted Catherine on points she considered essential to the apostolate. Seeing this as a rejection of her vision of Friendship House, she stepped down as Director General.

Madonna House
Shattered by the ordeal of Friendship House, Catherine came to Combermere, Ont., with Eddie on May 17, 1947, intending to retire. However, as Catherine was recovering from the trauma, she began to serve those in need in the Combermere area.
She and Eddie established a newspaper, “Restoration,” and a training centre for the lay apostolate. Again young men and women asked to join her.
On April 7, 1954, those living in Combermere voted to embrace a permanent vocation with promises of poverty, chastity and obedience, and the community of Madonna House was established.
The next year, Catherine and Eddie made a promise of chastity and lived celibate lives thereafter. On Aug. 15, 1969, Eddie was ordained a Catholic priest in the Melkite rite at the age of 78.
The spirit of the Madonna House is that of a family, modelled on the Holy Family of Nazareth, which was a community of perfect charity and love. Members of Madonna House are involved in theology, philosophy, special programs, publication, science, fine arts, drama, farming, carpentry, cooking, and laundry.
Catherine said, “Nothing is foreign to the apostolate, except sin…. The primary work of the apostolate is to love one another.”
Catherine died on Dec. 14, 1985, after a long illness. She left behind a spiritual family of more than 200 members, and foundations around the world.

1896年8月15日,嘉琳.曉格.杜克提出生於俄國,年僅十五歲嫁予玻肋.曉格。俄國革命爆發,嘉琳家人遭受殺戮,她本人和曉格僥倖逃出生天,1921年以難民身份到了加拿大,同年在多倫多誕下兒子喬治。

 

嘉琳努力工作,設法支持及照顧患病的丈夫,可惜,婚姻最終破裂。在1943年教會當局判斷他們的婚姻無效。

 

嘉琳是天賦的演說家,所以很快便成為成功的講師;然而,耶穌的說話不斷在她內心鏗鏘著:「變賣你所有的一切,來跟隨我!」

 

1930年10月15日嘉琳決定把自己奉獻給耶穌,並設定此日是她傳教使命的開始。她變賣財產,然後到多倫多貧民區,在貧民間渡俗使徒的生活。

 

「友誼居」

 

由於眾多的年青男女慕名到來幫助嘉琳,她遂組織了「友誼居」,一起渡聖五傷方濟各的靈修生活。剛巧遇上世界經濟大衰退,「友誼居」接待了不少貧窮人士,提供他們所需物質;為反擊共產主義,他們舉行講座、研討,又按教會發出有關社會問題的通諭,出版「社會論壇」報刊。

 

不幸地,持續對嘉琳的中傷,1938年被教會人士下令關閉「友誼居」,她深感委屈,竟然在節日氣氛正濃的聖誕期,萌生自殺的念頭,卻又深深感受到苦架上耶穌的召叫而重獲勇氣。

 

離開多倫多後,嘉琳接受一位神父的邀請,在哈林地區重辦「友誼居」。1943年,教會正式宣告嘉琳第一次的婚姻無效,她後來下嫁記者艾迪.杜克提,他早在訪問嘉琳的福傳工作時認識她。

 

哈林地區設辦的「友誼居」亦不見順利,內部出現分列矛盾;1947年1月,經過大多數投票下,推翻嘉琳一項關鍵的福傳意念,嘉琳便辭去「友誼居」總監一職。

 

「聖母家」

 

嘉琳的抱負一再觸礁,便偕同丈夫於1947年5月17日艾迪於到加拿大安大略省的康布伯爾退休。不過,當嘉琳從傷痛恢復過來後,她又活躍地在康布伯爾照顧貧乏的人。她和艾迪創辦「整修報」,又設立中心,培訓平信徒進行福傳。再一次,眾多的年青人要求加入嘉琳的事奉行列,於1954年4月7日,投票決定以神貧、貞潔、聽命三個許諾作終生奉獻,正式成立「聖母家」。翌年,嘉琳和丈夫艾迪協定,雙方渡貞潔獨身生活並作貞潔的許諾。1969年8月15日,艾迪以天主教麥爾基特東方禮儀,晉升鐸品,年屆七十八。

 

「聖母家」儼如一個大家庭,以聖家為榜樣,締造貞潔友愛的團體,成員從事神學、哲學、科學、培訓活動、出版、藝術、戲劇、種植、木工、烹飪和洗熨等。嘉琳說:「對福傳來說,任何工作都不陌生,除了犯罪。使徒工作中最主要的就是相親相愛。」

 

經歷長時間患病,嘉琳在1985年12月14日逝世,當時她的靈修家庭,擁有兩百之眾,並廣佈世界。

 

20131028 “That they may all be one” 「願他們合而為一」

Last week we looked at the life of Blessed Chiara Luce Badano, who was active in the Focolare Movement. This week we are focusing on another Chiara, Chiara Lubich (1920-2008), the foundress of the Focolare Movement.
She was born in Trent, in northern Italy, on Jan. 22, 1920, and was baptized with the name Silvia.

Focolare Movement
In 1939 Chiara visited the Marian Sanctuary of Loreto and there discovered her special calling. She would found something new in the Church, a “focolare,” a community of people consecrated and married, all totally committed to God.
On Dec. 7, 1943, Chiara committed her whole life to God with a vow of chastity. In May 1944 Chiara started to live with four of her first companions at a small apartment offered to her, which she would call “la casetta” (the little house) in memory of Loreto, and the “Focolare” was born.
In 1948 the first men’s focolare was opened in Trent. Chiara also met Igino Giorgani, a father of four, who would become the first married focolarino.
Starting in 1949 Chiara had a yearly retreat with her companions. This annual gathering of the Focolare Movement is known as a “Mariapolis” (City of Mary). Members and newcomers come together to discuss the movement and its spirituality, forming a temporary town with only one law, evangelical charity.
In 1953 Chiara launched the branch of the “married focolarini,” and in 1954 she formed the branch of the diocesan priests and that of the religious men and consecrated women who adhere to the spirituality of the movement.

Little towns
In 1962 Chiara visited a Swiss abbey where she had the idea of having ‘little towns’ inhabited by the people of the Focolare Movement.
She wrote: “It was at Einsiedeln that I understood, from looking at the abbey church below and all that was surrounding it, that a town of the movement should develop which wouldn’t be made up of an abbey or hotels, but rather of simple houses, workplaces, schools: just like an ordinary town.”
A young man, Vincenzo Folonari, donated all his wealth to the Focolare Movement, including a large tract of land in the hills near Florence. This donation allowed the building of the first little town or permanent Mariapolis, Loppiano.
Loppiano currently has a population of 900 of whom 70 come from the five continents. Each year about 40,000 people visit Loppiano. There are 32 little towns of the Focolare Movement around the world.
In 1967 Chiara founded the Gen Movement (New Generation), the youth branch of the Focolare Movement. It was this branch that Blessed Chiara Luce Badano (1971-1990) belonged to.
Dialogue with people of other religions is the charism of the Focolare Movement. During her life, Chiara Lubich met and dialogued with Lutheran pastors, the Primate of the Church of England, the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, and the Supreme Patriarch of Thai Buddhism.
She shared the spirituality of unity by giving addresses to non-Catholic Christians, Buddhists, Muslims, and non-believers.
Chiara died on March 14, 2008. Thousands of people attended her funeral Mass on March 18 in the Basilica of St.-Paul-Outside-the-Walls in Rome. There were politicians and representatives of other faiths.
Pope Benedict XVI sent a message in which he stated that Chiara was a woman “in full unity with the thoughts of the Popes.” Cardinal Bertone, in his homily, described her as one of the “bright stars of the 20th century.”
“We should live in such a way that in our last hours we will not regret having loved too little,” said Chiara Lubich.

去週,我們探討過真福嘉辣.魯斯生活的點滴,提到她參與「普世博愛運動」,而這運動創辦人是盧嘉勒女士(1920-2008) 。

 

盧嘉勒出生於1920年1月22日意大利北部的特利騰,受洗聖名詩斐雅。

 

「普世博愛運動」

 

1939年,盧嘉勒抵達洛肋圖聖母聖居朝聖,感到天主的召叫,在聖教會將有一個新景象 ──一個包括獻身者和已婚者的團體,成員們都同心奉獻給天主。

 

1943年12月7日,盧嘉勒向天主發守貞願,並奉獻一生。1944年5月,盧嘉勒接受了一個單位,和四名同伴居於其中,渡福音勸諭的生活,並為紀念洛肋圖聖母聖居,把這單位起名「小屋」,是為「普世博愛運動」之始。

 

1948年,男性群體的「普世博愛運動」在特利騰誕生;盧嘉勒同年遇到了依諾.喬加里,他是四個孩子的父親,他將成為「普世博愛運動」已婚團體第一員。

 

1949年,盧嘉勒開始與同伴作週年退省,以後「普世博愛運動」的週年退省被稱為「瑪利亞之城」。在每年的「瑪利亞之城」,「普世博愛運動」成員和新加入者會討論這運動和它的靈修。「瑪利亞之城」的參與者在退省的地方組成一個臨時的小城市,而這小城的法律就是福音的愛。

 

1953年,盧嘉勒正式成立「普世博愛運動」已婚團體;1954年,盧嘉勒為參與「普世博愛運動」的聖職及修道人員成立分支團體。

 

小城市

 

1962年,盧嘉勒到了瑞士一所修道院,聯想到設立「普世博愛運動」小城。她寫道:「當我在艾詩定時,從修道院聖堂往外看,周圍的環境,讓我想到要發展一個《普世博愛運動小城》,設有簡單的住屋、工作地方、學校等,而不是修院或酒店,就如一般的小城鎮一樣。」

 

一位年青人,名叫文生.霍納利,他把自己所有財產,全數捐贈「普世博愛運動」,協助了盧嘉勒實現夢想,建立第一座持久的「瑪利亞之城」──「樂彼籚」。

 

「樂彼籚」現今有九百名人口,當中七十人來自五大洲,每年約有四萬訪客。目前全世界有三十二個「普世博愛運動」的小城市。

 

盧嘉勒在1967年為參與「普世博愛運動」的年青人,建立稱為「新世代運動」的分支,真福嘉辣.魯斯.伯達諾(1971-1990)是當中的一位成員。

 

與其它宗教人仕對話也是「普世博愛運動」的特恩。盧嘉勒曾與不同宗教領袖展開對話,包括基督教路德會牧師們、英國國教首席主教、君士坦丁堡宗主教、泰國佛教高僧,又向佛教徒、回教徒、天主教以外基督宗教信眾和無宗教信仰的人演講,宣述合一的神修觀。

 

2008年3月14日盧嘉勒逝世,3月18日的殯葬彌撒在羅馬「城外聖保祿大殿」舉行,數千人出席憑弔,有政客和不同的宗教代表。教宗本篤十六世致訃文,形容盧嘉勒「與歷任教宗理念完全一致」,博璗樞機講道中稱盧嘉勒是二十世紀的其中一顆明星。

 

盧嘉勒曾說:「我們的生活方式,不應讓我們處於生命最後一刻時,只因愛得太少而感到遺憾!」