Monthly Archives: July 2015

20150727 John discerns his vocation

When Saint John Bosco was nineteen years old, he wanted to join the Franciscan order. John was poor and he felt he could not continue being a burden to his mother. He said to his friend, “How can I expect my mother to continue supporting me in my studies?” John discussed the matter with the Franciscan Fathers, and they invited him to join their order. They would look after all his needs. The spirit of worldliness in some of the secular clergy caused John thinking to myself: “If I become a secular priest, I will be in series danger of ruining my vocation.”
In April, 1834, John went to his parish priest, Father Dassano, for the papers he needed to enter the Franciscan community. A few days later, Father Dassano went to see John’s mother, Margaret. He said, “John wants to join the Franciscans. I have nothing against that, but in my opinion your son should be a parish priest. He knows how to talk to the people, he has a way with boys, people like him. Why on earth should he bury himself in a monastery? And then, Margaret, let me be frank with you. You are not rich, and you are no longer young. If your son becomes a parish priest, he will be able to give you a hand when you are no longer able to work. But if your son becomes a friar he will be lost to you. For your own good, I think you should dissuade him.”
Margaret put on her shawl and went to Chieri. She spoke these memorable words to John: “Listen carefully, John. I want you to think about this well. Once you have made up your mind, go ahead without looking at anyone else. The most important thing is that you do the will of God. The parish priest wants me to change your mind because one day I might be in need of you. But I want to tell you: keep your mother out of this. God comes first. I want nothing from you, I expect nothing from you. I was born poor, I have lived poor and I want to die poor. If you ever become a priest and have the disgrace of becoming rich, I will never set foot into your house. Remember that.”
John almost decided to enter the Franciscan community when he had a dream. He saw a large number of friars in torn habits. They were running here and there. One friar drew near and said to John, “If you are looking for peace, you will not find it here. God is preparing some other place for you.”
John asked his best friend, Louis Comollo, for advice. He said, “Make a novena, write a letter to my uncle priest, and obey blindly.” On the last day of the novena, John received the letter from Louis’ uncle. He wrote, “All things considered, I would advise your companion not to enter the monastery. Let him don the clerical habit and have no fear of losing his vocation. With recollection and piety he will overcome all obstacles.” To don the clerical habit meant to enter the seminary.
John was still not at peace, and another friend suggested him to consult Saint Joseph Cafasso, who was a young twenty three years old in Turin. John accepted the advice, and told Father Cafasso all his difficulties. Father Cafasso said, “Finish your year of rhetoric and then enter the seminary. Divine providence will let you know what you should do. And don’t worry about money: someone will provide.” With this advice from a holy priest, John decided to enter the seminary.

20150720 John Bosco forms friendships

When the young John Bosco was studying in Chieri he realized there were three kinds of students: the good, the not so good not so bad, and the bad. He would avoid the bad students and would keep a distance from them. When necessary or out of courtesy, he would interact with the not so good and not so bad students. He would befriend only the good students.
However, the bad students were also the ones who had the most difficulties in their school works. When they saw how well John was doing in school, they started to approach him for help. John would lend them his workbook or read it to them. But that displeased the teacher, for it encouraged the students to rely on John and not to work hard. He forbade John to lend them his workbook.
One day, John’s classmates were not able to do their homework and begged John to lend them his workbook. John didn’t want to disobey the teacher but he also didn’t want to see his classmates punished for not finishing their homework. Therefore John left his workbook on the desk and left. The other students flocked to John’s desk and copied his works. When the teacher found out that all the workbooks had the same answers, he questioned John. John said that maybe because he left the workbook on the desk and the students copied it. The teacher understood the good intention of John and so he didn’t punish John but urged him not to do it again. Hence, John used another means to help his fellow students. He explained the difficult questions in the workbook to the classmates, and if necessary, he guided them to answer the questions. In that way, he was admired by the classmates. They came to play with him, listened to his stories, and did homework with him. John called his kind of gatherings the “Society of Joy”. Everyone must found a book, tell a story, or introduce a game to bring joy to all. When he was seventeen, John was like a captain of his little army of friends. He drew up simple rules for the group:
1. No actions and no words unbecoming of a Christian.
2. Fulfill one’s scholastic and religious duties.
3. Keep cheerful.
John Bosco encouraged “cheerfulness”. Years later, his best student, Saint Dominic Savio said, “Here we make sanctity consist in being cheerful. We try to avoid sin which robs our hearts of joy.”
A the age of eighteen, while continuing to be the leader of his army of friends, John also formed a smaller circle of close friends.
One day, there was a fifteen years old new student, Louis Comollo. He was bullied by a boy in class. The boy slapped hard on the face of Louis. But instead of taking revenge, Louis said, “Are you satisfied? Leave me alone now. I forgive you.” John was stunned by the heroic act of Louis. He wrote, “From the moment he became my intimate friend. I can say that I learnt from him how to live as a Christian.”
John would helped the Jewish boys in Chieri to do their Saturday assignments, so that they could keep the Sabbath and not get bad marks. He became very friendly with the Jewish boy, James Levi. When James was experiencing a crisis, John lent him a catechism book. Eventually James became a Catholic and was John’s affectionate friend for life.
Due to poverty, John often suffered from hunger and his friends would gave him food. Joseph Blanchard would brought apple and chestnuts from home and gave them to John. Many years later, John would continue to treat Joseph with great love and respect as one of his early benefactors.

20150713 John Bosco, a good student

The young St. John Bosco was treated badly by an elderly teacher in Castelnuovo, Italy, who harboured strong prejudice against people from the town of Becchi. The school was in such chaos that John was convinced he was wasting his time there.
After discussing the matter with his mother, John spent his time there learning to wield hammer and file and to work at the forge. The trades he learned in Castelnuovo would one day come in handy for opening workshops for the poor boys of Turin.
John and his mother, Margaret, decided he would study at Chieri the next year, but this was going to take money he didn’t yet have.
In the summer of 1831, during a celebration in the village of Montafia, a greased pole was erected, and prizes, among them a purse of 20 lire, were offered. Some young men tried to climb the pole but were exhausted halfway and had to slide down empty-handed.
John, however, climbed slowly and calmly. From time to time he would sit on his heels and recover his breath. The people shouted impatiently, but John took no notice of them and kept climbing slowly until he reached the top and got the purse with the 20 lire.
This was helpful, yet not enough for the expenses in Chieri. John had to raise funds. John Bosco would eventually become one of the greatest fundraisers in the 19th century. John said to Margaret, “Mamma, if you agree, I’ll take two bags and make a collection from the families around.”
In October 1831 John went from house to house. “I am Margaret Bosco’s son. I am going to Chieri to study for the priesthood. My mother is poor. Please help me if you can.”
People gave him what they could: eggs, maize, wheat, etc.
One woman went to Castelnuovo to see the parish priest, Father Dassano. She told him it was a shame not to help John, and to compel him to go begging. The parish priest collected a small sum of money and sent it to Margaret.
He also told Margaret about Lucy Matta, a widow who was about to settle in Chieri, who would let John stay at her home. She had a 12-year-old son whose bad behaviour had caused her grief. During his stay at Chieri, John converted the boy by his good example and his counsels.
John, now 16, was studying the equivalent of Grade 6 with students who were 11 or 12. John was so hardworking that in less than two months he was promoted to Grade 7, where he did much better than other students. After two months he was promoted to Grade 8.
One day the Latin teacher was explaining Cornelius Nepos’s life of Agesilaus. John had forgotten to take his Latin book to school. To avoid being noticed by the teacher, he kept his grammar book open in front of him. His classmates noticed. One began nudging his neighbour; another started to giggle.
The teacher inquired what was happening. Everyone was looking at John. The teacher, therefore, asked John to read the Latin text of Cornelius Nepos and to repeat the explanation.
John stood up and, without the text book, managed to repeat from memory both the Latin text and the explanation. The class exploded in applause.
Fearing a loss of discipline, the furious teacher attempted to hit John. But when the teacher was told by another student the reason for the disorder, he was surprised and asked John to recite two more paragraphs.
Then he said, “I forgive you because of your wonderful memory. You are a fortunate person. See that you always make use of it for good.”?

20150706 Father Calosso guided John

In November 1929, 14-year-old St. John Bosco met the parish priest of Murialdo, the elderly Father Calosso. John Bosco wrote, “I came to know what it meant to have a constant spiritual guide and faithful friend, the kind of relationship I had sadly lacked till then.”
Father Calosso advocated frequent confession and Communion and taught John how to do a short spiritual reading. John would go and serve his Mass as often as possible.
Father Calosso had a special devotion to Our Lady under the title “Mary, Help of Christians.” He revived a Sodality of Mary, Help of Christians, in Bruino, and had an altar dedicated in the parish church under this title. It is possible that St. John Bosco heard this title of Our Lady for the first time from Father Calosso.
Father Calosso taught John Italian and Latin. He loved John as his own son, and often told him, “Don’t worry about your future. As long as I live, I’ll see to it that you will not lack anything, and after my death, you will also be provided for.”
One morning in November 1830, someone came running telling John that Father Calosso had suddenly fallen ill. John ran as fast as he could to Father Calosso, who had suffered a heart attack. Father Calosso recognized John but could not speak. He pointed to the key of a drawer, indicating that it was for John.
After two days of agony, Father Calosso died. In the drawer they found 6,000 lire. Some of those who assisted Father Calosso had no doubt that the money was intended for John, but others said that the signs of a dying man did not mean much. Only a regular will gave undisputed right to anything.
After listening to both sides, the nephews of Father Calosso told John, “It seems that uncle wanted you to have this money. Take whatever you want.”
John thought for a while and said, “I don’t want anything.”
John prayed a great deal for the soul of Father Calosso; he thought about him and dreamed of him.
In December 1830, John started to attend the public school at Castelnuovo. Margaret accompanied John there and said, “Be devoted to Our Lady. She will help you grow up well.”
At school, John, now 15, found himself studying with boys of 10 or 11. With the help of the teacher, Father Emmanuel Virano, he was able to make good progress in Latin, but in April Father Virano became the parish priest of Mondonio.
He had to leave the school in the hands of a 75-year-old teacher who had a strong prejudice against people from Becchi. John, a boy from Becchi, suffered great humiliation from the new teacher and could not make much progress in his studies.
John had come to know two wonderful priests, Father Calosso and Father Virano, but other priests were quite different. John wrote, “I saw several good priests practising the sacred ministry, but I could not establish a close relationship with any of them.
“Often I would meet our parish priest and his assistant on the road. I would greet them from a distance and bow to them as they passed. In their distant and courteous manner they would return my greeting and go on their way.
“I cried often, thinking as well as saying to others, ‘If I ever become a priest, I’ll do just the contrary; I’ll befriend the students, talk to them kindly, and help and advise them as needed. If I could only have a talk with my pastor, how happy I would be. I had this great comfort with Father Calosso; will I ever enjoy it again?'”?

20150629 John Bosco left home

Saint John Bosco made his First Communion on Easter Sunday (March 26), 1826. His religious instruction had come almost entirely from his mother, Margaret. During Lent, she brought little John to catechism classes daily and brought him to Confession three times. She said, “My John, God has a great gift in store for you; be sure to be well prepared, make a thorough confession, omit nothing. Confess everything, repent, and promise God to do better in the future.” Margaret also helped John to pray and read goo book at home.
In morning of First Communion, Margaret did not allow John to talk to anyone. After making First Communion, Margaret requested John to spend the rest of the day to read and pray. She said, “My dear son, this has been a great day for you. I am sure that God has truly taken possession of your heart. Now you must promise Him to do your best to remain good until the day you die. In the future, go frequently to Holy Communion and beware not to commit sacrilege. In confession tell all you know, obey always, go readily to catechism classes and sermons and, for the love of God, avoid like the plague those who use foul language.”
The winter after First Communion was a difficult one for John. His grandmother had died earlier that year, and Anthony, now eighteen, was more resistance to John’s studying. Towards the end of October, Margaret wanted to send John to a school to study Latin. Anthony reacted strongly and said, “Why Latin? What need do we have of Latin in the house? All we need is work.” Anthony opposed to the idea of John becoming priest. He said, “To make a priest, it takes more than ten thousand lire.” A large sum for a peasant family in those days.
One day, Anthony declared to Margaret and Joseph, “Enough is enough. I’ll put an end to this schooling thing. I have grown big and strong without ever seeing any books.” Overcome by anger, John said, “Of course: even our donkey has never gone to school, and he is bigger and stronger than you are.” Anthony was enraged, and John barely escaped the blows and slaps of Anthony. Margaret was terribly distressed and John was full of tears.
Tension was building up in the family in the next few days. Finally, one evening, Anthony was enraged because of a book John kept by his plate. John was thoroughly beaten up by his brother.
The next morning, Margaret made a very difficult decision. She said to John, “It is better you go away from home for some time.” John left home in February 1827 and lived among Margaret’s friends for a while. But the relationship between Anthony and John did not improve, and in February 1828, Margaret sent John to a wealthy farmer, Louis Moglia to ask for work on his farm.
John walked five and a half miles to the Moglia farm. Mr. Moglia told John to go home, for it was winter and he would not need help until the end of March. John, however, sat down on the snow and broke into tears. The Moglias felt sorry for John and hired him for room and board. After some time, because John worked so well, they paid him fifteen lire each year.
John was very hardworking and devout. He knelt beside the bed to pray morning and evening prayers and recited the rosary with the family. At night time John would light a candle to read some books. He went to early Mass on Sunday morning in order to make Confession and receive Holy Communion.

20150622 Mission foretold

In speaking of Saint John Bosco, Pope Pius XI said, “In his life the supernatural almost became the natural and the extraordinary ordinary.” Saint John Bosco worked miracles, read people’s hearts, and had prophetic dreams.
He had his first prophetic dream at the age of nine. John saw himself in a large playing field with a crowd of children. Some were laughing, others were playing and not a few were cursing. John Bosco was so shocked at their language that he jumped into their midst, swinging wildly and shouting at them to stop. Then a man in white appeared and told John to place himself as leader over those boys. He said, “You will have to win these friends of yours not with blows, but with gentleness and kindness. So begin right now to show them that sin is ugly and virtue beautiful.” John Bosco replied that he was only a boy and unable to talk to these youngsters about religion. At that moment the fighting, shouting and cursing stopped and the crowd of boys gathered about the man.
John asked, “But how can you order me to do something that looks so impossible?” The man replied, “What seems so impossible you must achieve by being obedient and by acquiring knowledge.”
The man promised that he would give John a teacher, and he said, ” ‘I am the Son of her whom your mother has taught you to greet three times a day.” John saw a beautiful lady beside the man. All the children had vanished. In their place there were many animals: goats, dogs, cats, bears and a variety of others.
The lady said, “This is your field, this is where you must work. Make yourself humble, steadfast, and strong. And what you will see happen to these animals you will have to do for my children.” The wild animals had turned into as many lambs, gently gamboling lambs, bleating a welcome for that Lady and her Son.
The next day, when John shared this dream with his family, everybody came up with a variety of interpretations of what the dream might have meant. His mother said, “Who knows if some day he may not become a priest?”
After the dream, the young John Bosco started working for young boys. He began to read aloud to his friends some of the books he had borrowed from a priest. Before and after the reading, all joined in making the sign of the cross and reciting the Hail Mary.
John realized that reading stories was good for youngsters during winter time, but he had to do something different during the warm season. He resolved to learn the secrets of tightrope walking and magic tricks by attending the shows. In order to raise money for the tickets of these shows, John caught little birds and sold them. He also wove little baskets and made bird cages and sold them to passing vendors. He collected herbs and seeds and took them to a chemist.
John would sit at the front row and observed everything carefully. He would spent months to practice. Later he wrote, “You may not believe me, but at the age of eleven I could juggle, turn somersaults, walk on my hands and dance on the tightrope.”
People enjoyed watching the performances of John Bosco. But he is a special performer. Before the final item, he would pull out the rosary and invite all to pray. At other times he would repeat the sermon the priest had preached in the morning at Mass.
John Bosco wrote, “After two or three hours of such entertainment, when I was quite exhausted, I would stop, make a short prayer, and all would go home happy.”

20150615 Lessons from home

As a child, St. John Bosco lived with his family in a small area known as Becchi. His mother, Margaret, served the sick in the neighbourhood, welcomed beggars, and supported the poor.
One of the neighbours, Cecco, had once been rich but had squandered all his wealth. He had become a laughingstock. Cecco was too ashamed to beg and often went hungry. When it was dark, Margaret would leave a small pot of hot soup on the window sill, and under the cover of darkness Cecco would come and take it.
There was a boy, Secondo Matta, who worked at a stable. Each morning he received a chunk of rough black bread from his master and would lead the cows out to pasture. John Bosco also led his cows to pasture with a chunk of soft white bread. In those days, white bread was a luxury.
One day John Bosco said to Secondo, “Would you do me a favour?” “Let’s swap our bread. I think yours tastes better than mine.”
Secondo believed him, and for three seasons this became a daily routine. Only in later years did Secondo realize that John Bosco had done it out of charity.
Sometimes small groups of outlaws would knock at Margaret’s door. All they wanted was some warm soup and, perhaps, a hidden corner on the haystack. Police would also come to the house, and Margaret would welcomed them as well.
When the police came, the outlaws on the hayloft would quietly slip away. The police knew what was going on, but out of respect for Margaret they would turn a blind eye and would never try to arrest anyone in her house.
Margaret told John that the soldiers of the democratic regime at one time had been after those who had remained faithful to the king, and now it was the other way about: the king’s police were after the democrats.
Margaret got used to these changes in politics, and she would give a bowl of soup and a slice of bread to whoever knocked at her door, without asking about their political affiliation.
As a priest, John was convinced politics and parties were ever-changing. He would established his life on more solid principles: souls to be saved and poor boys to be fed and educated. He called that “the politics of the Our Father.”
Regarding his mother Margaret, John Bosco wrote, “From my earliest years, she would teach me the prayers herself. She would make me kneel with my brothers, and all together we would recite the morning and night prayers.”
At that time family rosary was a regular evening prayer for all Christians.
Margaret prepared John for his first confession. He wrote, “It was my mother who prepared me. She accompanied me to church. She went to confession before me and introduced me to the confessor. Later she helped me make an act of thanksgiving.”
Little John was fond of birds. He once took a baby blackbird from its nest and reared it. He kept it in a cage and taught it to whistle. Whenever the bird saw John, it would greet him and jump about happily.
One morning there was no whistling. A cat had broken into the cage and devoured the bird. John was sad for many days, but at last he stopped to reflect on the vanity of worldly things, and he resolved he would never again attach his heart to earthly things.?

20150608 Margaret showed motherly love

Venerable Margaret Bosco, the mother of St. John Bosco, was a deeply religious person. She constantly reminded her children of God. She would point to a beautiful starry sky and say, “God created the world and adorned it with all those stars. If the sky is so beautiful, what must heaven be like?”
When storm clouds gathered overhead and there were peals of thunder, Margaret would say, “How powerful is the Lord! Who can stand against Him? Let us keep free from sin!”
If a hailstorm destroyed the crops, she would say, “The Lord gave it to us, and the Lord took it away. He is the master of the harvest. He knows best, but remember that the wicked will be punished, and no one can mock God.”
When the harvest was good, she would say, “Let us give thanks to the Lord! How good He has been in giving us our daily bread.”
Anthony Bosco, her husband’s son by his first wife, was a difficult child. He was resentful that because of his two stepbrothers, Joseph and John, he was no longer the only child, and his inheritance would be reduced by two-thirds.
After the death of their father, Anthony made life difficult for the family. He would often hit his two little brothers. Margaret would intervene and shield them from him. However, faithful to a self-imposed rule, Margaret never laid a hand on Anthony.
St. John Bosco was like his mother. At the age of 60, after training thousands of boys, St. John Bosco could not remember that he had ever used direct punishment.
One time, Anthony was offended and would not forgive. During night prayers, while the Our Father was being recited, at the words “forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us,” Margaret turned to Anthony and said, “You had better not say those words.”
“Do you have the nerve to say them when you yourself won’t forgive others, when you are still mad at your brothers after have almost broken their heads? Aren’t you afraid that the Lord will punish you for saying such words?
“Coming from you they would be a lie and an insult to God, since you do not want to forgive. How can you expect Our Lord to forgive you, when you so stubbornly refuse to forgive others?”
Anthony admitted his sin and said, “I was wrong, Mamma. Forgive me.”
Margaret made it a point to give Anthony preferential treatment to overcome his resentment. Many times she calmed Anthony’s anger with kind words and patience. However sometimes Anthony would lose control and would confront Margaret with clenched fists, calling her “stepmother.”
Margaret would kindly say, “Listen, Anthony. I have called you my son, and I mean what I say. You are my son because you are Francis’s son, because your father entrusted you to me, and because I love you as such.
“You know that if I wanted to, I could bring you to your knees, but I don’t want to. I’ve made it a point never to use physical force to assert my authority over my children. You are my son, and I don’t want to hit you. You may do as you wish, but you are doing wrong.”
Margaret would withdraw, and Anthony, embarrassed and confused, would walk away. Once his anger subsided, Anthony would apologize.
Margaret’s patience eventually bore fruit. Anthony mellowed so much that he had the reputation of being a man worthy of respect and easy to get along with. He was also known to be a friend who could be trusted, and he was eagerly sought for his cheerful company. As an adult he showed great love and respect for Margaret.?

20150601 Salesians celebrate

This year Salesians are celebrating the 200th birthday of their founder, St. John Bosco (1815-1888). With this article we are starting a new series of articles on this great saint, whom St. John Paul II honoured with the title, “Father and Teacher of Youth.”
His mother was Margaret Occhiena Bosco (1788-1856). The Salesians call her “Mamma Margaret.” On Oct. 23, 2006, Pope Benedict XVI declared her venerable.
St. John Bosco’s father was Francis Bosco (1784-1817). The first wife of Francis Bosco was Maria Bosco. The couple and their son Anthony lived with Francis’s mother.
The Bosco family lived on the main road to the market from the village where Margaret Occhiena lived. Margaret would rest there on her way to market, and young Anthony would rush out with a bucket of water for her beast of burden.
One February evening in 1811, when Margaret was going home from the market, she saw 8-year-old Anthony weeping. Both his grandmother and mother were very ill. The grandmother survived, but the young mother, Maria, died.
After the death of his mother, Anthony became bitter, unfriendly, and bad-tempered. It became clear to Francis that he needed to find another wife who would be a good mother to Anthony.
Since Maria had died, Margaret stopped by each week to bring Francis’s mother a token of affection. The two women would chat and pray together. Francis’s mother suggested her son ask Margaret to marry him.
Though Margaret had already turned down the richest and the best men of the countryside, she accepted the proposal of the poor peasant. On June 6, 1812, Margaret, 24, married Francis, 28.
On April 8, 1813, Margaret gave birth to Joseph Bosco, and in the evening of Aug. 16, 1815, she gave birth to St. John Bosco.
One evening in early May, 1817, Francis returned from work bathed in perspiration. He made the mistake of entering the cold cellar of the farmhouse to do some work. The sudden temperature change resulted in a violent fever which was soon followed by pneumonia.
Knowing himself close to death, Francis asked Margaret not to grieve unduly over his death and to resign herself entirely to the will of God. He said, “I entrust our children to you, but take special care of little John.” Francis died on May 11, 1817, at the age of 33.
St. John Bosco wrote, “I was not yet 2 years old when my father died. I can’t even recall his features. I remember only the words of my mother: `Here you are, Johnny, left without a father.’
“We were all leaving the room where he had died, but I insisted on staying behind. `Come, Johnny,’ said my mother, coaxing me gently, but I would not move.
“`If Daddy is not coming, I won’t come.’
“`My poor son,’ she said, `come with me, you no longer have a father.’ And with these words the saintly woman broke down and started crying as she took me by the hand and led me away. I began crying too because she was crying.
“What can a child understand at that age? But those words, `Here you are, without a father,’ remained always in my mind. This is the earliest memory of my life.”
After the death of her husband, Margaret received a very attractive proposal of remarriage. She turned it down because she did not want her three children to be entrusted to a guardian.
She said, “I would not desert them for all the gold in the world. My duty is to dedicate myself entirely to their Christian upbringing.”?