20131028 “That they may all be one” 「願他們合而為一」

Last week we looked at the life of Blessed Chiara Luce Badano, who was active in the Focolare Movement. This week we are focusing on another Chiara, Chiara Lubich (1920-2008), the foundress of the Focolare Movement.
She was born in Trent, in northern Italy, on Jan. 22, 1920, and was baptized with the name Silvia.

Focolare Movement
In 1939 Chiara visited the Marian Sanctuary of Loreto and there discovered her special calling. She would found something new in the Church, a “focolare,” a community of people consecrated and married, all totally committed to God.
On Dec. 7, 1943, Chiara committed her whole life to God with a vow of chastity. In May 1944 Chiara started to live with four of her first companions at a small apartment offered to her, which she would call “la casetta” (the little house) in memory of Loreto, and the “Focolare” was born.
In 1948 the first men’s focolare was opened in Trent. Chiara also met Igino Giorgani, a father of four, who would become the first married focolarino.
Starting in 1949 Chiara had a yearly retreat with her companions. This annual gathering of the Focolare Movement is known as a “Mariapolis” (City of Mary). Members and newcomers come together to discuss the movement and its spirituality, forming a temporary town with only one law, evangelical charity.
In 1953 Chiara launched the branch of the “married focolarini,” and in 1954 she formed the branch of the diocesan priests and that of the religious men and consecrated women who adhere to the spirituality of the movement.

Little towns
In 1962 Chiara visited a Swiss abbey where she had the idea of having ‘little towns’ inhabited by the people of the Focolare Movement.
She wrote: “It was at Einsiedeln that I understood, from looking at the abbey church below and all that was surrounding it, that a town of the movement should develop which wouldn’t be made up of an abbey or hotels, but rather of simple houses, workplaces, schools: just like an ordinary town.”
A young man, Vincenzo Folonari, donated all his wealth to the Focolare Movement, including a large tract of land in the hills near Florence. This donation allowed the building of the first little town or permanent Mariapolis, Loppiano.
Loppiano currently has a population of 900 of whom 70 come from the five continents. Each year about 40,000 people visit Loppiano. There are 32 little towns of the Focolare Movement around the world.
In 1967 Chiara founded the Gen Movement (New Generation), the youth branch of the Focolare Movement. It was this branch that Blessed Chiara Luce Badano (1971-1990) belonged to.
Dialogue with people of other religions is the charism of the Focolare Movement. During her life, Chiara Lubich met and dialogued with Lutheran pastors, the Primate of the Church of England, the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, and the Supreme Patriarch of Thai Buddhism.
She shared the spirituality of unity by giving addresses to non-Catholic Christians, Buddhists, Muslims, and non-believers.
Chiara died on March 14, 2008. Thousands of people attended her funeral Mass on March 18 in the Basilica of St.-Paul-Outside-the-Walls in Rome. There were politicians and representatives of other faiths.
Pope Benedict XVI sent a message in which he stated that Chiara was a woman “in full unity with the thoughts of the Popes.” Cardinal Bertone, in his homily, described her as one of the “bright stars of the 20th century.”
“We should live in such a way that in our last hours we will not regret having loved too little,” said Chiara Lubich.

去週,我們探討過真福嘉辣.魯斯生活的點滴,提到她參與「普世博愛運動」,而這運動創辦人是盧嘉勒女士(1920-2008) 。

 

盧嘉勒出生於1920年1月22日意大利北部的特利騰,受洗聖名詩斐雅。

 

「普世博愛運動」

 

1939年,盧嘉勒抵達洛肋圖聖母聖居朝聖,感到天主的召叫,在聖教會將有一個新景象 ──一個包括獻身者和已婚者的團體,成員們都同心奉獻給天主。

 

1943年12月7日,盧嘉勒向天主發守貞願,並奉獻一生。1944年5月,盧嘉勒接受了一個單位,和四名同伴居於其中,渡福音勸諭的生活,並為紀念洛肋圖聖母聖居,把這單位起名「小屋」,是為「普世博愛運動」之始。

 

1948年,男性群體的「普世博愛運動」在特利騰誕生;盧嘉勒同年遇到了依諾.喬加里,他是四個孩子的父親,他將成為「普世博愛運動」已婚團體第一員。

 

1949年,盧嘉勒開始與同伴作週年退省,以後「普世博愛運動」的週年退省被稱為「瑪利亞之城」。在每年的「瑪利亞之城」,「普世博愛運動」成員和新加入者會討論這運動和它的靈修。「瑪利亞之城」的參與者在退省的地方組成一個臨時的小城市,而這小城的法律就是福音的愛。

 

1953年,盧嘉勒正式成立「普世博愛運動」已婚團體;1954年,盧嘉勒為參與「普世博愛運動」的聖職及修道人員成立分支團體。

 

小城市

 

1962年,盧嘉勒到了瑞士一所修道院,聯想到設立「普世博愛運動」小城。她寫道:「當我在艾詩定時,從修道院聖堂往外看,周圍的環境,讓我想到要發展一個《普世博愛運動小城》,設有簡單的住屋、工作地方、學校等,而不是修院或酒店,就如一般的小城鎮一樣。」

 

一位年青人,名叫文生.霍納利,他把自己所有財產,全數捐贈「普世博愛運動」,協助了盧嘉勒實現夢想,建立第一座持久的「瑪利亞之城」──「樂彼籚」。

 

「樂彼籚」現今有九百名人口,當中七十人來自五大洲,每年約有四萬訪客。目前全世界有三十二個「普世博愛運動」的小城市。

 

盧嘉勒在1967年為參與「普世博愛運動」的年青人,建立稱為「新世代運動」的分支,真福嘉辣.魯斯.伯達諾(1971-1990)是當中的一位成員。

 

與其它宗教人仕對話也是「普世博愛運動」的特恩。盧嘉勒曾與不同宗教領袖展開對話,包括基督教路德會牧師們、英國國教首席主教、君士坦丁堡宗主教、泰國佛教高僧,又向佛教徒、回教徒、天主教以外基督宗教信眾和無宗教信仰的人演講,宣述合一的神修觀。

 

2008年3月14日盧嘉勒逝世,3月18日的殯葬彌撒在羅馬「城外聖保祿大殿」舉行,數千人出席憑弔,有政客和不同的宗教代表。教宗本篤十六世致訃文,形容盧嘉勒「與歷任教宗理念完全一致」,博璗樞機講道中稱盧嘉勒是二十世紀的其中一顆明星。

 

盧嘉勒曾說:「我們的生活方式,不應讓我們處於生命最後一刻時,只因愛得太少而感到遺憾!」

 

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