Monthly Archives: November 2013

20131104 Success through failure 失敗乃成功之母

Catherine de Hueck Doherty was born in Russia on Aug. 15, 1896. At the age of 15, Catherine married Boris de Hueck. During the Russian Revolution, many of her family members were killed. After narrowly escaping death, Catherine and Boris became refugees and came to Canada in 1921. Their son George was born the same year in Toronto.
Catherine worked hard to support her ailing husband and child, but after years of painful struggle, her marriage to Boris fell apart. Eventually Catherine’s marriage with Boris was annulled by the Church in 1943.
Very talented in public speaking, Catherine soon became a successful lecturer. However the words of Christ pursued her relentlessly: “Sell all you possess, and come, follow Me.”
On Oct. 15, 1930, Catherine made the decision to give her life to Jesus. She marked this as the day of the beginning of her apostolate. Catherine sold all her possessions and provided for her son. She started to live in the slums of Toronto, and began her lay apostolate among the poor.

Friendship House
Young men and women came to join Catherine. She established Friendship House, and lived the spirituality of St. Francis of Assisi. It was the time of the Great Depression. Members of Friendship House offered hospitality and provided material assistants to the poor.
They also combatted the tide of communism through lectures, discussions, and the distribution of “The Social Forum” newspaper, based on the social encyclicals of the Church.
False but persistent rumours about her and the Friendship House forced its closure by churchmen in 1936. During the Christmas season in 1936, Catherine was tempted to suicide. However, she heard the voice of Christ beckoning her to share His suffering.
Catherine left Toronto, and was invited by a priest to open a Friendship House in Harlem. Catherine accepted the invitation in 1938. In 1943, after obtaining the annulment of her first marriage, Catherine married a widower, Eddie Doherty, a journalist who had fallen in love with her while writing a story about her apostolate.
The Friendship House in Harlem also ended in failure. Divisions developed among the staff, and in January 1947 they out-voted Catherine on points she considered essential to the apostolate. Seeing this as a rejection of her vision of Friendship House, she stepped down as Director General.

Madonna House
Shattered by the ordeal of Friendship House, Catherine came to Combermere, Ont., with Eddie on May 17, 1947, intending to retire. However, as Catherine was recovering from the trauma, she began to serve those in need in the Combermere area.
She and Eddie established a newspaper, “Restoration,” and a training centre for the lay apostolate. Again young men and women asked to join her.
On April 7, 1954, those living in Combermere voted to embrace a permanent vocation with promises of poverty, chastity and obedience, and the community of Madonna House was established.
The next year, Catherine and Eddie made a promise of chastity and lived celibate lives thereafter. On Aug. 15, 1969, Eddie was ordained a Catholic priest in the Melkite rite at the age of 78.
The spirit of the Madonna House is that of a family, modelled on the Holy Family of Nazareth, which was a community of perfect charity and love. Members of Madonna House are involved in theology, philosophy, special programs, publication, science, fine arts, drama, farming, carpentry, cooking, and laundry.
Catherine said, “Nothing is foreign to the apostolate, except sin…. The primary work of the apostolate is to love one another.”
Catherine died on Dec. 14, 1985, after a long illness. She left behind a spiritual family of more than 200 members, and foundations around the world.

1896年8月15日,嘉琳.曉格.杜克提出生於俄國,年僅十五歲嫁予玻肋.曉格。俄國革命爆發,嘉琳家人遭受殺戮,她本人和曉格僥倖逃出生天,1921年以難民身份到了加拿大,同年在多倫多誕下兒子喬治。

 

嘉琳努力工作,設法支持及照顧患病的丈夫,可惜,婚姻最終破裂。在1943年教會當局判斷他們的婚姻無效。

 

嘉琳是天賦的演說家,所以很快便成為成功的講師;然而,耶穌的說話不斷在她內心鏗鏘著:「變賣你所有的一切,來跟隨我!」

 

1930年10月15日嘉琳決定把自己奉獻給耶穌,並設定此日是她傳教使命的開始。她變賣財產,然後到多倫多貧民區,在貧民間渡俗使徒的生活。

 

「友誼居」

 

由於眾多的年青男女慕名到來幫助嘉琳,她遂組織了「友誼居」,一起渡聖五傷方濟各的靈修生活。剛巧遇上世界經濟大衰退,「友誼居」接待了不少貧窮人士,提供他們所需物質;為反擊共產主義,他們舉行講座、研討,又按教會發出有關社會問題的通諭,出版「社會論壇」報刊。

 

不幸地,持續對嘉琳的中傷,1938年被教會人士下令關閉「友誼居」,她深感委屈,竟然在節日氣氛正濃的聖誕期,萌生自殺的念頭,卻又深深感受到苦架上耶穌的召叫而重獲勇氣。

 

離開多倫多後,嘉琳接受一位神父的邀請,在哈林地區重辦「友誼居」。1943年,教會正式宣告嘉琳第一次的婚姻無效,她後來下嫁記者艾迪.杜克提,他早在訪問嘉琳的福傳工作時認識她。

 

哈林地區設辦的「友誼居」亦不見順利,內部出現分列矛盾;1947年1月,經過大多數投票下,推翻嘉琳一項關鍵的福傳意念,嘉琳便辭去「友誼居」總監一職。

 

「聖母家」

 

嘉琳的抱負一再觸礁,便偕同丈夫於1947年5月17日艾迪於到加拿大安大略省的康布伯爾退休。不過,當嘉琳從傷痛恢復過來後,她又活躍地在康布伯爾照顧貧乏的人。她和艾迪創辦「整修報」,又設立中心,培訓平信徒進行福傳。再一次,眾多的年青人要求加入嘉琳的事奉行列,於1954年4月7日,投票決定以神貧、貞潔、聽命三個許諾作終生奉獻,正式成立「聖母家」。翌年,嘉琳和丈夫艾迪協定,雙方渡貞潔獨身生活並作貞潔的許諾。1969年8月15日,艾迪以天主教麥爾基特東方禮儀,晉升鐸品,年屆七十八。

 

「聖母家」儼如一個大家庭,以聖家為榜樣,締造貞潔友愛的團體,成員從事神學、哲學、科學、培訓活動、出版、藝術、戲劇、種植、木工、烹飪和洗熨等。嘉琳說:「對福傳來說,任何工作都不陌生,除了犯罪。使徒工作中最主要的就是相親相愛。」

 

經歷長時間患病,嘉琳在1985年12月14日逝世,當時她的靈修家庭,擁有兩百之眾,並廣佈世界。

 

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20131028 “That they may all be one” 「願他們合而為一」

Last week we looked at the life of Blessed Chiara Luce Badano, who was active in the Focolare Movement. This week we are focusing on another Chiara, Chiara Lubich (1920-2008), the foundress of the Focolare Movement.
She was born in Trent, in northern Italy, on Jan. 22, 1920, and was baptized with the name Silvia.

Focolare Movement
In 1939 Chiara visited the Marian Sanctuary of Loreto and there discovered her special calling. She would found something new in the Church, a “focolare,” a community of people consecrated and married, all totally committed to God.
On Dec. 7, 1943, Chiara committed her whole life to God with a vow of chastity. In May 1944 Chiara started to live with four of her first companions at a small apartment offered to her, which she would call “la casetta” (the little house) in memory of Loreto, and the “Focolare” was born.
In 1948 the first men’s focolare was opened in Trent. Chiara also met Igino Giorgani, a father of four, who would become the first married focolarino.
Starting in 1949 Chiara had a yearly retreat with her companions. This annual gathering of the Focolare Movement is known as a “Mariapolis” (City of Mary). Members and newcomers come together to discuss the movement and its spirituality, forming a temporary town with only one law, evangelical charity.
In 1953 Chiara launched the branch of the “married focolarini,” and in 1954 she formed the branch of the diocesan priests and that of the religious men and consecrated women who adhere to the spirituality of the movement.

Little towns
In 1962 Chiara visited a Swiss abbey where she had the idea of having ‘little towns’ inhabited by the people of the Focolare Movement.
She wrote: “It was at Einsiedeln that I understood, from looking at the abbey church below and all that was surrounding it, that a town of the movement should develop which wouldn’t be made up of an abbey or hotels, but rather of simple houses, workplaces, schools: just like an ordinary town.”
A young man, Vincenzo Folonari, donated all his wealth to the Focolare Movement, including a large tract of land in the hills near Florence. This donation allowed the building of the first little town or permanent Mariapolis, Loppiano.
Loppiano currently has a population of 900 of whom 70 come from the five continents. Each year about 40,000 people visit Loppiano. There are 32 little towns of the Focolare Movement around the world.
In 1967 Chiara founded the Gen Movement (New Generation), the youth branch of the Focolare Movement. It was this branch that Blessed Chiara Luce Badano (1971-1990) belonged to.
Dialogue with people of other religions is the charism of the Focolare Movement. During her life, Chiara Lubich met and dialogued with Lutheran pastors, the Primate of the Church of England, the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, and the Supreme Patriarch of Thai Buddhism.
She shared the spirituality of unity by giving addresses to non-Catholic Christians, Buddhists, Muslims, and non-believers.
Chiara died on March 14, 2008. Thousands of people attended her funeral Mass on March 18 in the Basilica of St.-Paul-Outside-the-Walls in Rome. There were politicians and representatives of other faiths.
Pope Benedict XVI sent a message in which he stated that Chiara was a woman “in full unity with the thoughts of the Popes.” Cardinal Bertone, in his homily, described her as one of the “bright stars of the 20th century.”
“We should live in such a way that in our last hours we will not regret having loved too little,” said Chiara Lubich.

去週,我們探討過真福嘉辣.魯斯生活的點滴,提到她參與「普世博愛運動」,而這運動創辦人是盧嘉勒女士(1920-2008) 。

 

盧嘉勒出生於1920年1月22日意大利北部的特利騰,受洗聖名詩斐雅。

 

「普世博愛運動」

 

1939年,盧嘉勒抵達洛肋圖聖母聖居朝聖,感到天主的召叫,在聖教會將有一個新景象 ──一個包括獻身者和已婚者的團體,成員們都同心奉獻給天主。

 

1943年12月7日,盧嘉勒向天主發守貞願,並奉獻一生。1944年5月,盧嘉勒接受了一個單位,和四名同伴居於其中,渡福音勸諭的生活,並為紀念洛肋圖聖母聖居,把這單位起名「小屋」,是為「普世博愛運動」之始。

 

1948年,男性群體的「普世博愛運動」在特利騰誕生;盧嘉勒同年遇到了依諾.喬加里,他是四個孩子的父親,他將成為「普世博愛運動」已婚團體第一員。

 

1949年,盧嘉勒開始與同伴作週年退省,以後「普世博愛運動」的週年退省被稱為「瑪利亞之城」。在每年的「瑪利亞之城」,「普世博愛運動」成員和新加入者會討論這運動和它的靈修。「瑪利亞之城」的參與者在退省的地方組成一個臨時的小城市,而這小城的法律就是福音的愛。

 

1953年,盧嘉勒正式成立「普世博愛運動」已婚團體;1954年,盧嘉勒為參與「普世博愛運動」的聖職及修道人員成立分支團體。

 

小城市

 

1962年,盧嘉勒到了瑞士一所修道院,聯想到設立「普世博愛運動」小城。她寫道:「當我在艾詩定時,從修道院聖堂往外看,周圍的環境,讓我想到要發展一個《普世博愛運動小城》,設有簡單的住屋、工作地方、學校等,而不是修院或酒店,就如一般的小城鎮一樣。」

 

一位年青人,名叫文生.霍納利,他把自己所有財產,全數捐贈「普世博愛運動」,協助了盧嘉勒實現夢想,建立第一座持久的「瑪利亞之城」──「樂彼籚」。

 

「樂彼籚」現今有九百名人口,當中七十人來自五大洲,每年約有四萬訪客。目前全世界有三十二個「普世博愛運動」的小城市。

 

盧嘉勒在1967年為參與「普世博愛運動」的年青人,建立稱為「新世代運動」的分支,真福嘉辣.魯斯.伯達諾(1971-1990)是當中的一位成員。

 

與其它宗教人仕對話也是「普世博愛運動」的特恩。盧嘉勒曾與不同宗教領袖展開對話,包括基督教路德會牧師們、英國國教首席主教、君士坦丁堡宗主教、泰國佛教高僧,又向佛教徒、回教徒、天主教以外基督宗教信眾和無宗教信仰的人演講,宣述合一的神修觀。

 

2008年3月14日盧嘉勒逝世,3月18日的殯葬彌撒在羅馬「城外聖保祿大殿」舉行,數千人出席憑弔,有政客和不同的宗教代表。教宗本篤十六世致訃文,形容盧嘉勒「與歷任教宗理念完全一致」,博璗樞機講道中稱盧嘉勒是二十世紀的其中一顆明星。

 

盧嘉勒曾說:「我們的生活方式,不應讓我們處於生命最後一刻時,只因愛得太少而感到遺憾!」

 

20131021 Chiara accepted illness 嘉辣領受病苦

Blessed Chiara Luce Badano was the child of Maria Teresa and Ruggero Badano. The couple waited and prayed for 11 years for the gift of a child, and then Chiara was born Oct. 29, 1971.

Love for neighbours
Chiara desired that all the children of the world would be happy. She donated her best toys to the poor children, and set aside her pocket money for children in Africa. She invited poor people into the family’s home for holidays, and visited the elderly, and sick children.
At 9 years of age, Chiara became involved with the Focolare movement, and lived out the spirituality of unity.
To please Jesus, the teenage Chiara dressed in a clean and tidy way, without being flashy or ostentatious, because “what matters is to be beautiful inside.” She tried to turn the normal difficulties of daily life into opportunities of love. Chiara was a girl like all the others: she liked music, dancing, swimming, tennis, and hiking in the mountains.
Chiara had a wide circle of friends. When asked, she said she did not try to bring Jesus to her friends with words. She tried to bring Jesus to them by the way she listened to them, by the way she dressed, and above all, by the way she loved them.

Way of the cross
In the summer of 1988, during a tennis match, Chiara experienced a very sharp pain in her left shoulder. Medical tests revealed Chiara had osteosarcoma, one of the most serious and painful forms of cancer, and it had already started spreading.
Once back home after hearing the news, Chiara told her mum not to ask her any questions, and she experienced 25 minutes of “Gethsemane garden.” Eventually she said “yes” to Jesus about accepting her sufferings, and then she said: “Now you can speak, Mum,” and her face shone again with her usual luminous smile.
The treatment was painful. Chiara wanted to be informed of every detail of her illness. For each new and painful surprise, her offering was firm: “For You, Jesus; if You want it, I want it too!”
Chiara underwent two surgeries, and subsequent chemotherapy treatment caused her to lose her hair. As each lock of hair fell, she would say sincerely, “For You, Jesus.”
In July 1989 the tumour spread quickly, and Chiara lost the use of her legs. She said, “If I had to choose between walking or going to heaven, I would choose going to heaven.”
In the last year of her life, Chiara kept in touch with and encouraged the Focolare movement through telephone calls, messages, postcards, and posters. In May 1990, Chiara had the joy of watching Genfest 90, an international youth gathering held in Rome, from her home. She was a great inspiration for those who came to visit her.
Chiara refused to take pain medication, saying: “It reduces my lucidity,” and she added, “There’s only one thing I can do now: offer my suffering to Jesus, because I want to share as much as possible in His suffering on the cross.”
Chiara gave all savings to a friend who did missionary work in Africa. She said, “I have nothing left, but I still have my heart, and with that I can always love.”
With her mother, Chiara prepared for her “wedding celebration”: her funeral. Chiara asked to be dressed in a simple white wedding dress; she chose the music, the songs, the flowers, and the Mass readings. She told her mother, “When you’re getting me ready, Mum, you have to keep saying to yourself, ‘Chiara Luce is now seeing Jesus.'”
Chiara died at 4:10 a.m. Oct. 7, 1990. Her last words to Teresa, her mother, were “Goodbye. Be happy because I’m happy.”

羅傑.白達諾與太太瑪利亞.德蘭,向天主祈求了十一年,終於在1971年10月29日,誕下女兒嘉辣.白達諾。

 

憐愛近人

 

真福嘉辣雖然年紀尚少,卻認為世界所有兒童,都應該享有快樂,她把最喜愛的玩具,送給貧苦兒童,把零用儲蓄起來,捐出救助非洲的孩子;她又在假期的日子,邀請窮人到家中款待,探訪耆英及病童。

 

年僅九歲,參加「普世博愛運動」,渡福音勸諭的生活。

 

年青的嘉辣有着年青人的喜愛,她喜愛音樂、舞蹈、游泳、遠足和打網球,但為了鍾悅耶穌,她衣著整潔樸素,不隨俗浮誇,標榜「內在美纔是真正的美」,把日常生活中的困難,轉化成實行愛德的機遇。

 

嘉辣廣交朋友,卻從不以言談「硬銷耶穌」,而常以聆聽、舉止、衣著及愛心,傳達「耶穌的訊息」。

 

苦路

 

1988年夏天,正值一場網球比賽,嘉辣左肩突然感到劇烈的疼痛;經過一番檢查化驗,證實她患上惡性的骨肉瘤,而且癌細胞正在擴散中。

 

嘉辣驚聞噩耗,返抵家中,告訴母親不要問她任何問題。冷靜地經歷了約二十五分鐘「山園祈禱」的憂苦,嘉辣然後對耶穌表示「願意接受這病苦」,面上重新展現光輝的笑容說:「媽媽,您現在可以說話了。」

 

治療過程又辛苦又不成功。嘉辣要求自己要被告知病程的細節,每當新的壞消息時,她總會堅定地說:「為了祢,耶穌!假如祢願意,我也願意。」

 

嘉辣接受兩次手術,化療使她脫髮。每見一束脫髮,嘉辣說:「這是為祢的,耶穌!」

 

1989年七月,腫瘤擴散迅速,嘉辣雙腿失去功能;嘉辣道:「如果要我選擇能走路或升天堂,那我寧願選擇升式堂。」

 

走到生命最後的一年,嘉辣仍保持與「普世博愛運動」聯絡,藉電話、傳遞、明信片、宜傳海報,鼓勵其他成員。1990年五月,嘉辣在家觀看到在羅馬舉行的一個國際青年大會,甚是興奮;她的芳表,激勵了不少前來探望她的人。

 

嘉辣拒絕服用止痛藥,她解釋是「藥物讓我迷糊」,更補充說:「我現在唯一能做的,是奉獻自己的苦痛給耶穌,因為我要盡力分享祂在十字架上的苦痛。」嘉辣又將自己所有積蓄,捐送給一位在非洲作使徒工作的朋友;她說:「我已一無所有,但仍有一顆心,好讓我能常常去愛。」

 

和母親一起準備自己身後事時,嘉辣看作做「婚禮的準備」:她選擇白色的婚紗,指定奏唱的樂曲、擺設的鮮花和彌撒讀經,並提醒母親:「媽媽,當妳為我準備了一切時,要不斷對自己說『嘉辣現在見到耶穌』。」

 

1990年10月7日上午四時十分,嘉辣安逝,臨終前向母親德蘭說:「再見了!妳要快樂,因為我很快樂!」