During the apparitions in July, August, and September, Our Lady promised the children of Fatima that she would perform a miracle in October. Heavy rains had fallen from the evening before into the morning hours of October 13, 1917. Despite the heavy downpour, there was a massive crowd.
Lucia wrote, “My mother, fearing that this might be the last day of my life, with her heart lacerated by the uncertainty of what might happen, decided to go with me.”
On their way to the Cova da Iria, the children had to walk through the massive crowd. Many people begged the children to present their petitions to Our Lady. Upon arriving, Lucia asked the people to put down their umbrellas and to pray the Rosary.
Dialogue with Mary
Shortly after that, the children saw Our Lady over the holm oak. Lucia asked, “What do you want of me?” Our Lady said, “I want to tell you to have them build a chapel here in my honor; I am the Lady of the Rosary. Let them continue to say the Rosary every day. The war is going to end, and the soldiers will soon return to their homes.”
Lucia then presented the petitions of the people saying, “I have many things to ask of you. The cure of some sick persons, the conversion of some sinners, etc.” Our Lady responded, “Some, yes, others, no. It is necessary that they amend their lives, and ask pardon for their sins.”
Then with a sad expression on her face, Our Lady said, “Do not offend God Our Lord any more, for He is already deeply offended.” The sorrowful look and sad tone of Our Lady remained vivid in the memory of Lucia until the end of her life.
Our Lady opened her hands, and light emerging from them reflected on the sun. While Our Lady was ascending, the light continued to be projected from her on the sun itself. Lucia, therefore, cried out, “Look at the sun!”
The three children saw the promised vision of the Holy Family and Lucia also saw Our Lady of Sorrows and Our Lady of Mount Carmel. Lucia wrote, “When our Lady disappeared in the immense distance of the sky, next to the sun we saw Saint Joseph holding the Child Jesus and our Lady dressed in white with a blue mantle. Saint Joseph and the Child seemed to be blessing the world, making the sign of the cross. Shortly after this vision had vanished, I saw our Lord and our Lady who reminded me of Our Lady of Sorrows. Our Lord was blessing the world just the same way as Saint Joseph. This vision vanished too, and it seemed to me I again saw our Lady dressed as our Lady of Mount Carmel.”
The apparition of the Holy Family is a call for the sanctification of families, and the apparition of Our Lady of Mount Carmel is a call to wear the brown scapular.
Meanwhile, the crowd saw the “dancing of the sun”. The sun turned around and descended three times as if it were going to crash into the people. It gave off all shades of colors. Then the sun ascended back to its place, and re-descended three times. Thinking the end of the world had come, some cried aloud: “O Jesus! We are all going to die!” “Our Lady, help us!” Others begged for the forgiveness of their sins.
After eight to ten minutes the sun returned to normal; the people found that their wet cloths and the ground had become dry. Many became believers of the apparitions on that day.