20130506 Martyrs died with courage 英勇殉道

The Catholic Church in France suffered greatly in the eighteenth century. During the French Revolution, the worship of God was forbidden, Sunday and holy days were abolished. An evil woman was placed on the altar of the Cathedral of Notre Dame and worshiped by the mob as the “goddess of reason”.

In 1790, all religious houses were suppressed. Clergy were required to take the constitutional oath which upheld ideas contrary to Christian principles and subjected the authority of the Church completely to civil structures. Those who refused to take the oath were persecuted with banishment and martyrdom.

September Martyrs

            In 1792, there was great fear of rebellion and foreign invasion that the municipalities were authorized to arrest all suspects, including priests who had refused to take the constitutional oath. On September 2, there was rumor that the prisoners were planning an uprising. Mobs stormed the jails and killed more than a thousand prisoners. The priests were asked whether they had taken the constitutional oath. If they said “no”, they were killed on the spot. It is believed that not a single priest saved his life by a lie. The martyrs were beatified by Pope Pius XI on October 17, 1926.

Carmelites Martyrs

            In 1789 the National Assembly in France decreed that all Church lands would become property of the state and in 1790 all religious houses were suppressed.

Sixteen Carmelite nuns of Compiegne were divided into four groups and were able to carry on something of their way of life. In 1794, they were accused of living in a religious community and were arrested on June 22. They were confined in a Visitation convent in Compiegne and openly resumed their religious life.

On July 12, the nuns were taken to Paris. They were sentenced to death on July 17. During their trial, the prosecutor accused the Carmelites of being fanatics and counter-revolutionaries, Mother Henriette de Jesus asked him to explain the meaning of those words. The irritated judge vomited a torrent of offenses against her, and then said: “It is your attachment to your Religion and the King.”  Mother Henriette replied, “I thank you for the explanation.” Then, addressing her companions, she said: “My dear Mother and my Sisters, we must rejoice and give thanks to God for we die for our Religion, our Faith, and for being members of the Holy Roman Catholic Church.”

When a person offered a glass of water to one of the nuns, Mother Henriette told her, “In Heaven, my Sister, in Heaven we will soon have water aplenty to drink.”

Before their execution the nuns knelt and chanted the “Veni Creator” and renewed aloud their baptismal and religious vows. As each nun mounted the scaffold she sang the short psalm 117, “Praise the Lord all you nations.”

The Carmelite martyrs of Compiegne were beatified by Pope Pius X in 1906.

Noel Pinot

            Blessed Noel Pinot was born at Angers in 1747. As a priest, he served the sick with remarkable zeal and revitalized his parish spiritually through piety and preaching.

Refusing to take the constitutional oath, Father Pinot was sentenced to be deprived of his parish for two years. However, he continued his ministry in secret.

One day, while fully vested for Mass, Father Pinot was captured, dragged through the streets, and was put in prison.  He was sentenced to death for refusing to take the oath.

Father Pinot went to the guillotine still vested for Mass saying: “I will go to the altar of God, to God who gives joy to my youth.”          

He was martyred on February 21, 1794, and was beatified in 1926.

十八世紀的聖教會,在法國吃盡苦頭。

 

法國大革命期間,一切敬奉天主的行為,都被禁止,主日和瞻禮日均被廢除。在巴黎聖母院聖堂,一名邪婦居然被奉為「理性女神」!

 

1790年,所有修會團體被打壓,聖職人員被要求在憲法下非法宣誓,立誓完全遵從那些與基督徒對立的原則思想,臣服教會於民權的操控,否則全被檢控、放逐,甚至判以死罪。

 

 

九月的殉道者

 

1792年的法國,對外侵內反引起極大的恐慌,因而地方官員大興濫捕,不肯非法宣誓的聖職人員,更受株連。九月二日,盛傳監獄起哄造反,外圍的暴民於是衝進監獄,擊殺了過千名被囚的人士,不肯作非法宣誓的神父,即場被殺,他們無一倖免,為堅持聖教而壯烈犧牲。1926年十月十七日,教宗庇約十一世,把這些教會烈士,向普世宣福。

 

 

聖衣會的殉道者

 

1789年法國的國民議會,下令教會交出所有屬地,地權收歸國有;翌年,所有修會團體被打壓。

 

貢比涅的聖衣會,十六名修女分成四組,盡力渡她們修道的生活。但於1794年六月二十二日,她們全被逮捕,控以渡修會的修道生活。當她們被軟禁在貢比涅的往見修院內時,竟毫不掩飾地,公然重蹈往昔的修會生活。

 

七月十二日,該十六名聖衣會修女被押解到巴黎,七月十七日被判死刑。審訊期間,修女被指控為極端和反革命份子。她們當中的凱麗娣姆姆,反問檢控官澄清指控內容,法官出言侮罵,最後綜合說:「全因為妳們仍與妳們的宗教和法國君王扯上關係!」姆姆向其檢控官說:「多謝你詳盡的解答。」然後轉向其他修女道:「我親愛的修女們,我們真的要喜樂!我們感謝天主!因為我們要為我們的宗教、我們的信德而死。我們因為是聖教會一份子,遂被判以極刑。」

 

當有人遞給一位修女一杯開水,凱麗娣姆姆向那修女說:「我的修女,在天堂上,我們有喝不盡的開水。」

 

受刑前,眾修女跪下,高唱聖歌,並高聲重發聖洗及發願誓詞;排隊行上斷頭台時,齊唱聖詠117篇「請萬民讚美上主」。

 

1906年,教宗庇約十世,冊立這十六名貢比涅的聖衣會修女為真福。

 

諾厄. 屏瑙

 

1747年,真福諾厄.屏瑙出生於法國艾閣。他熱心照顧病弱者。作為本堂神父,諾厄渡虔敬和宣教的生活,使堂區充滿朝氣。因為他堅拒作非法的宣誓,被褫奪執行聖職的自由,但他無所畏懼,暗中繼續執行職務。

 

一日,他在舉行彌撒前被逮捕,在街巷上被拖行時,身上仍穿著祭披。當然,因他對教會的貞忠,最後被判上斷頭台。受刑時,身上仍穿著被抓時的祭披,口中高聲朗誦彌撒聖祭神父念第一句的經文:「我到天主的祭台前去,祂賞給我常春的喜樂。」

 

諾厄.屏瑙於1794年二月二十一日致命;1926年被教會尊為真福。

 

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