20130422 Missioners preached on Mary 宣講聖母

During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, there were two saintly priests in France who preached missions, promoted devotion to Our Lady, and founded religious congregations. These two priests were St. John Eudes (1601-1680) and St. Louis Marie de Montfort (1673-1716).
John Eudes
John Eudes joined the Congregation of the Oratory of France at the age of twenty-two. He preached popular missions with great success, and labored tirelessly both at the pulpit and in the confessional. He said, “The preacher beats the bushes but the confessors catch the birds”.  John Eudes preached one hundred and ten missions in his lifetime.
The preaching of John Eudes helped wayward girls to detest their sins. Eventually, he founded the Sisters of Our Lady of Charity to provide a home for these girls.
During the course of his missions, John Eudes learnt that the clergy were in great need of reform. He founded the Congregation of Jesus and Mary for the formation of clergy. John Eudes founded seminaries in Lisieux, Rouen, Evreux, and Rennes.
For almost thirty years before the private revelations of St. Margaret Mary, John Eudes had been promoting devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus. He wrote the book, The Devotion to the Adorable Heart of Jesus. He introduced the Feasts of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Holy Heart of Mary. Pope Leo XIII called John Eudes “the author of the liturgical cult of the Holy Hearts of Jesus and Mary.”
For the Sisters of Our Lady of Charity, John Eudes instituted the first liturgical feast of the Most Pure Heart of Mary, which was celebrated on February 8th of each year. During the last years of his life, John Eudes wrote the book, The Admirable Heart of the Most Holy Mother of God.
John Eudes also founded the Society of the Heart of the Mother Most Admirable for women living in the world who practiced chastity.  He proposed the Immaculate Heart of Mary as the model of all the virtues.
John Eudes died on August 19, 1680, and was canonized in 1925.
Louis de Montfort
Louis Marie de Montfort took a vow to live only on alms at nineteen. He practiced such extreme poverty that even beggars would offer handouts to him.
After his ordination in 1700, Louis served as hospital chaplain. He organized from among the female staff and residents the nucleus of the Congregation of Daughters of the Divine Wisdom.
After resigning from his position as hospital chaplain, Louis began to preach missions to the poor. He travelled on foot to Rome and obtained from Pope Clement XI the title of “missionary apostolic” with the authority to preach from place to place.
The popular missions of Louis brought about true and lasting spiritual revival in many places. Louis ardently promoted the devotion of the holy rosary, and established numerous confraternities for its recitation. He is also a tertiary of the order of St. Dominic.
A few years before his death in 1716, Louis founded an association of missionary priests—-the Company of Mary.
The writings of Louis influenced several popes and the Legion of Mary. His well known works are: True Devotion to Mary, The Secret of Mary, and The Secret of the Rosary.
In his writings, Louis encouraged the faithful to consecrate oneself to Jesus through Mary. We entrust to Mary our soul, body, spiritual possessions, and material possessions.
The teachings of St. John Eudes and St. Louis Marie de Montfort helped to combat the heresies of the time. To oppose the proud austerity of Jensenism, they promoted the tender love of Jesus and Mary. And to oppose the indifferent attitude of Quietism, they fostered authentic spirituality.

十七及十八世紀,聖若望.歐德(1601-1680)和聖類斯.蒙福(1673-1716) 兩位法國神父,宣講天國之道時,亦不忘推崇對聖母的敬禮,亦創辦了修會。

聖若望.歐德

年二十二,若望.歐德入經堂修會,竭力講道和聽告解,聲譽鵲起。他嘗言:「講道有如拍打叢林,告解有如捕捉驚鳥。」統計若望一生,作大規模公開講道一百一十次。

若望的講道,感染了不少失足的婦女,回頭改過;他後來創設了「仁愛聖母女修會」,專為收容照顧她們。

來往各地講道,若望深感聖職人員自強不息改革的需要,遂成立「耶穌聖母男修會」。他分別在呂銳、路洪、愛佛利和萊納建立了培植司鐸的修院。

早在聖瑪加利大得私人啟示前三十年,若望.歐德已倡導敬禮耶穌聖心,曾編寫「敬禮耶穌可敬之心」一書,建議確立恭敬耶穌及聖母聖心的瞻禮日。教宗良十三世稱若望.歐德是「禮敬耶穌及聖母聖心禮儀的編訂者」。

在他創設的「仁愛聖母女修會」內,若望定立每年二月八日,專務恭敬聖母至潔之心,是為有關敬禮之創舉。若望暮年潛心編撰「天主至聖之母聖心」,這本書在他去世前一個月方才脫稿。

若望亦為在俗婦女建立「至聖之母聖心會」,鼓勵祂們恪守潔德,並以聖母無玷聖心為諸德之典範。

1680年八月十九日,若望.歐德安逝主懷。1925年榮列聖品。

聖類斯.蒙福

十九歲時,類斯.蒙福已矢志渡行哀矜的生活。他極端神貧的生活模式,連叫化子也與他看齊。

1700年晉鐸後,類斯擔任醫院院牧,成立「上智之座會」,號召女護士和女病人參加。離任院牧後,類斯開始向貧苦大眾講道。他徒步走到羅馬,得教宗克勉十一世冠以「使徒傳教士」稱號,得准到各地傳教講道。

類斯的傳道,使很多地方的教友熱心起來。他是道明會第三會會友,頻頻推動恭敬聖母,勤唸玫瑰經,創立許多唸玫瑰經的善會。

類斯.蒙福在1716年逝世,離世前數載,他成立了傳教神父「瑪利亞修會」。

類斯.蒙福的箸作有「孝愛真諦」、「聖母之隱衷」和「玫瑰經的奧秘」,均影響了數任教宗和「聖母軍」組織。寫作文字間,他鼓勵信眾藉聖母奉獻自己給耶穌,並把自己一切——-靈魂、肉身、善功、財物——-完全付託給聖母。

聖若望.歐德和聖類斯.蒙福的宣講,都能針對當時異端的謬誤:以耶穌和聖母的慈愛,駁斥刻勞刻薄的「贊息主義」;以真誠的熱心靈修,譴責「寂靜主義」妄行的消極思想。

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